An Economics Daily report published by the United States Department of Labor shows 1.5 million individuals marginally attached to the labor force in July of 2019, which is almost unchanged from the previous year.

Marginally attached individuals differ from unemployed individuals because they had not actively searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. However, they are available and want to work and have looked for jobs at some point in the previous year.

The marginally attached individuals are split into two categories: “Discouraged workers” and “other marginally attached”.

The discouraged workers are not looking for work right now because they believe there aren’t employment opportunities for them. The other marginally attached workers may not be currently seeking employment for several other reasons such as familial and academic responsibilities.

From 2009 to 2019, the amount of marginally attached workers peaked in July 2011 at over 2.7 million individuals. Since 2011, the trend has been decreasing. In fact, July of 2019 has seen the lowest number of marginally attached individuals since 2009.

You can view the data and release here: